History And Roles Of Military Dogs:
Everyone knows the saying, “A dog is a human best friend.” Dogs are incredible creatures with many incredible qualities. They serve as a companion to people with mental and physical disabilities. They love unconditionally, don’t ask questions, and don’t judge or embrace hatred. But have you ever thought about the trend of using dogs as a military asset?
This article will show you the history of using army dogs and how it really started. You can also get to know the types of dogs there were being used.
So let’s get started!
History Of Military Dogs:
War dogs were used by the Egyptians, Greeks, Persians, Sarmatians, Baganda, Alans, Slavs, Britons, and Romans. Among the Greeks and Romans, dogs served most often as sentries or patrols, though they were sometimes taken into battle. The earliest use of war dogs in a battle recorded in classical sources was by Alyattes of Lydia against the Cimmerians around 600 BC. The Lydian dogs killed some invaders and routed others. At the Battle of Pelusium (525 BC), Cambyses II deployed dogs, cats, and other animals held sacred by the Egyptians. By putting these animals on the front lines, he was supposedly able to get the Egyptians to cease using their projectile weaponry.
During Late Antiquity, Attila the Hun used large war dogs in his campaigns. Gifts of war dog breeding stock between European royalty were seen as suitable tokens for exchange throughout the Middle Ages. Other civilizations used armored dogs to defend caravans or attack enemies.
In the Far East, 15th century Vietnamese Emperor Lê Lợi raised a pack of over 100 hounds, tended and trained by Nguyễn Xí, whose skills were impressive enough to promote him to the commander of a shock troop regiment.
Later on, Frederick the Great of Prussia used dogs as messengers during the Seven Years` War with Russia. Napoleon also used dogs in his campaign. Until 1770, dogs were used to protect French naval facilities.
The first official use of dogs for military purposes in the United States occurred during the Seminole Wars. In the Civil War, hunting dogs were used to protect, send messages, and guard prisoners of war. General Grant describes how the South Bloodhound herd was destroyed by the Union Army where it was discovered because it had been trained to hunt runaway slaves before the war. The dog was also used as a mascot in World War I American publicity and poster recruitment.
Roles Of Military Dogs:
Not all breeds of dogs used in War are suitable for these types of work. For example, a Chihuahua is not big enough to perform a particular task. The main varieties used in the military today are the German shepherd, Belgian Malinois, and retrievers because of their loyalty, obedience, affectionate personality, and strong bites. It should also be healthy, strong, and free from physical restrictions
let’s look at the various roles.
These dogs are trained to warn the military about imminent threats by barking and barking. Useful on nights with poor visibility. It also protects airports, depots, and other important storage facilities and areas. The Coast Guard is also known to use them to find enemy submarines.
Scout / Patrol Search
These dogs are trained like guard dogs. Silence is the only key to this role. These dogs are trained to quietly find ambush and snipers. Not all dogs qualify for this very important role-these dogs must have a mild propensity and the intelligence to pull it off. They are unlaced and away from the leader, usually well in front of the line. They warn the guide with a stiff posture or simple ear cramps.
These dogs are also called search and rescue dogs. They can reach and enter places unreachable by humans and can track injured people. A typical example is the search and rescue process after September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States. The rescue dog was able to find the injured trapped under the rubble.
Explosives detection dog (EDD)
These dogs primarily work with gendarmerie to detect bombs, usually at checkpoints, transportation stops, or inspection sites. They stay close to the handler and tie them up throughout this task.
Specialized Service Dog (SSD)
This role is similar to that of an explosives detection dog. Only these dogs work long distances unlaced to detect bombs and explosives. They are trained to know hand signals and learn commands from a radio fixed to their back.
Mine detection dog (MDD)
These dogs work only for the military. They are trained to look for mines and artillery buried without strings.
Drug detection dog (NDD)
As the name implies, these dogs are specially trained to sniff drugs. Therefore, the handler knows what the dog found.
These dogs undergo 13 weeks of special explosive detection training, during which they learn to recognize the scent of 19,000 explosives. They usually worked with law enforcement agencies to help defend the 2002 Super Bowl in New Orleans. In order for a dog to be used in military service, it must have some aggression and a very high level of concentration. They need an enhanced sense of smell and a desire to work for rewards. However, it is not aggressive towards handlers.
Military Dogs have always been regarded as one of the most helpful and dependable assets in the world; they are allocated to various functions and are educated in accordance with their roles and responsibilities so that they may fulfill their duties with greater precision and efficiency. The Army Dog Center also supplies the country with highly trained and professional canines that are efficient in carrying out their roles and responsibilities and are also considered dependable in catching criminals and building a safe environment for citizens.